Highlights of the Program: Abu Simbel Temples: which is located on the western bank of Lake Nasser & it’s about 230 km southwest of Aswan near the border with Sudan. It’s a set of two temples, it was constructed for th...
Highlights of the Program:
Abu Simbel Temples: which is located on the western bank of Lake Nasser & it’s about 230 km southwest of Aswan near the border with Sudan.
It’s a set of two temples, it was constructed for the pharaoh “Ramses II” and the other for his own beautiful wife “Nefertari”. It were built in 1255 BC & it was rediscovered two hundred years ago.
The larger temple dedicated to three major Egyptian goddess & features with four large statues of Ramses II on its facade, while the smaller temple is dedicated to the love goddess Hathor, with statues designed for his beloved wife Nefertari.
The Kom Ombo Temple: It is unique because it was dedicated to two Gods (Falcon god Horus and the crocodile God Sobek) built by Ptolemy VI. Its design contains courts, halls, sanctuaries and rooms duplicated for two sets of gods and it contains 02 parts; The southern half of the temple was dedicated to the crocodile god Sobek, god of fertility who is the creator of the world (in ancient Egyptian religion), however the northern part of the temple was dedicated to the falcon god Horus.
Gebel El-Silsila (Arabic name means Series or Chain of Mountains): located in Upper Egypt between Edfu & Kom Ombo about 65 km north of Aswan where the cliffs on both sides close to the narrowest point along the length of the entire River Nile. & it was used at least the 18th Dynasty to Greco-Roman times as a major quarry site on both sides of the Nile and it is famous for its New Kingdom cenotaphs and stelai.
The Temple of Edfu (Temple of Horus): The temple is dedicated to Horus Horus, the avenging son of Isis and Osiris & also called "Apollopolis Magna" as per the old Greek documents because the Greeks identified Horus with their god Apollo & it is located in Edfu around 109km away from Luxor & it was one of the most well-preserved sites in Egypt because it was totally buried under the desert sands & rediscovered on 19th century.
El Kab: it’s about 80 kilometers south of Luxor on the east bank of the Nile at the mouth of the Wadi Hillal. It was called Nekheb in the Old Egyptian language & it is a rock-cut tombs of combination among the early Eighteenth Dynasty, Early Dynastic period, Ptolemaic Kingdom & part of the walls of a Coptic monastery.
Esna: it is located in Upper Egypt on the west bank of the Nile about 55 km south of Luxor & it’s formerly incorporated into the new Luxor Governorate.
The Valley of the Kings: It was the burial site of almost all the Pharaonic kings of the 18th till 20th dynasties & the most known tombs are Tut-Ankh-Amon (where discovered the treasures of this Golden King), King Tutmosis I, Tutmosis III, , King Ramses VI, King AmonhotepII and King Mrenptah. The clients visit 03 tombs during their tour according the opening tombs at that time.
The Temple of Queen Hatshepsut: located in the West Bank of the River Nile & also knows by Deir El-Bahari Temple which is the Mortuary Temple of beautiful Queen Hatshepsut the first known female monarch (she ruled for about two decades) and who was stepmother of pharaoh Thutmose III.
The Colossi Statues of Memnon: located West Bank of the River Nile which are two huge stone statues of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who reigned in Egypt during the Dynasty XVIII (around 1350 BC).
The huge Temple of Karnak complex: located in the East Bank of the River Nile & considered the largest open-air museum which was one of ancient Egypt's grandest and most ambitious building projects with multiple temple buildings & covers more than 100 hectares.
The Temple of Luxor: located in the heart of the city in the East Bank of the River Nile & it is one of the wonderful temples of Egypt & its entrance is known as the first pylon which was built by Ramses II and was decorated with scenes of his military expeditions (Specially his victory at the battle of Kadesh).
The Temple of Abydos (Temple of Seti I): It is located in Abydos city in Sohag Government which about 135 km from Luxor. In ancient eras it was called Abdu, and the Greeks called it Abydos. The Temple was built during the reign of King Seti I and completed by King Ramses II & the paintings considered among the most beautifully preserved in Egypt.
The Temple of Dendera (The Temple of Hathor Goddess of love and joy): located in Qena Government and it is one of the best-preserved Temples in the whole of Egypt! It was built in the 1st century B.C by several kings & the Greeks identified the Goddess Hathor as Aphrodite.
El Kharga Oasis
El Dakhla Oasis
The White Desert
The Giza Plateau: It’s a plateau in Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo, site of the Fourth Dynasty (around 4,500 years ago) Giza Necropolis, which includes the only ones surviving of the seven wonders of the ancient world which are the Great Pyramids of Khufu beside the pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure as well as the Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village and an industrial complex and it’s a Cairo's most popular attraction & drawn thousands of visitors every year.
The Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu): The only ones surviving of the seven wonders of the ancient world & the oldest pyramid in Giza and the largest in Egypt, Khufu’s Great Pyramid stood 146m high when it was completed around 2570 BC.
Pyramid of Chephren (Khafre): it is the second-tallest and second-largest of the 3 Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who ruled c. 2558−2532 BC.
Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus): It’s is the smallest of the three main Pyramids of Giza, located on the Giza Plateau in the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. It is thought to have been built to serve as the tomb of the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Menkaure.
The Great Sphinx: The Sphinx is carved from a single piece of stone. One of most famous monuments in the world, it is indeed a legendary statue for it has the body of lion and the face of a man. lt is 70 m long and 20 m high. The face of the Sphinx closely resembles that of King Kephren.
Museum of Egyptian Antiquities: known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or the Cairo Museum. It is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities. It has 120,000 items, with a representative amount on display and the remainder in storerooms. Built in 1901 by the Italian construction company, Garozzo-Zaffarani, to a design by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon, the edifice is one of the largest museums in the region.
The pyramids of King Zoser in Sakkara: it was built by Imhotep and it is the only one of its kind as it was the first real pyramid to be constructed in ancient Egypt (predates those at Giza) that’s why it is the most ancient surviving monument and the oldest stone building in history. The pyramid consists of six layers of Mastaba tombs positioned above each other’s which represent a staircase to heaven as it goes upwards in six steps on four sides to its top.
Pyramid of Dahshur (The Red Pyramid): it has been built with limestone by King Senfru which is the first proper pyramid to be built in ancient Egypt & second largest pyramid in Egypt after the grand pyramid of Cheops in Giza & located about 10 kilometers to the South of Sakkara & it is about 100 meters in height and the length of each side of its square shaped base is 188 meters.Read more...
Important notes & traveling tips:
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