Highlights of the program: Aswan City: It is used be a Nubian city in the south of Egypt located on the east bank of the Nile river about 879km south of Cairo & it is the land of beauty and charming which characterized by its the warm climate,...
Highlights of the program:
Aswan City: It is used be a Nubian city in the south of Egypt located on the east bank of the Nile river about 879km south of Cairo & it is the land of beauty and charming which characterized by its the warm climate, amazing nature, market of spices, special perfumes and rare plant islands.
Aswan is considered the southern gate of Egypt and some of the islands are an archaeological areas like the Elephantine island and Crocodile Island and because its location, it was & still the center of the trade between Egypt and Africa.
Philae Temple: which dedicated to the goddess Isis and it’s a temple which tell one of the most famous Egyptian mythology of Isis and how she brought her beloved husband back to life, birth of her son Horus & mummifying Osiris after death.
The temple was moved to a small island called Agilika after building the High Dam to preserve it from the flood & originally it was built during the reign of Ptolemy II (Egypt’s Greco-Roman Period).
There was obelisks in front of the temple in the past which were removed by British Consul Henry Salt in 1918 and are now in a garden in Dorset, England.
The High Dam: It’s a rock-fill dam located at the northern border between Egypt and Sudan which considered an engineering miracle to protect Egypt from annual floods from the Nile as construction for the project began in 1960 and was completed in 1968. It was officially inaugurated in 1971 & its measures 111m in height, 3,830m in length, and has a base width of 980m. The spillway has a discharge capacity of 11,000m³ a second.
Unfinished Obelisk: It’s a huge obelisk & it’s one of the most famous stones left behind and it’s taller than any known obelisk ever raised which abandoned when fractures appeared in its sides but still attached to bedrock.
By discovering this obelisk; we have a good clue to how the ancient Egyptians quarried the hard granite with simple tools which used for building ancient temples & colossi status although it’s still a big mystery the method they brought this heavy stones to Cairo which is around 500 miles away from Aswan.
Abu Simbel Temples: which is located on the western bank of Lake Nasser & it’s about 230 km southwest of Aswan near the border with Sudan.
It’s a set of two temples, it was constructed for the pharaoh “Ramses II” and the other for his own beautiful wife “Nefertari”. It were built in 1255 BC & it was rediscovered two hundred years ago.
The larger temple dedicated to three major Egyptian goddess & features with four large statues of Ramses II on its facade, while the smaller temple is dedicated to the love goddess Hathor, with statues designed for his beloved wife Nefertari.
Important notes & traveling tips:
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